Mid-infrared evidence for iron-rich dust in the multi-ringed inner disk of HD 144432 - Météo-France Access content directly
Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2024

Mid-infrared evidence for iron-rich dust in the multi-ringed inner disk of HD 144432

J. Varga
L. Waters
  • Function : Author
M. Hogerheijde
  • Function : Author
R. van Boekel
  • Function : Author
A. Matter
  • Function : Author
B. Lopez
  • Function : Author
L. Chen
  • Function : Author
D. Nadella
  • Function : Author
S. Wolf
  • Function : Author
C. Dominik
Á. Kóspál
  • Function : Author
P. Ábrahám
  • Function : Author
P. Boley
G. Bourdarot
  • Function : Author
A. Caratti O Garatti
F. Cruz-Sáenz de Miera
  • Function : Author
W. Danchi
  • Function : Author
V. Gámez Rosas
  • Function : Author
Th. Henning
  • Function : Author
K.-H. Hofmann
  • Function : Author
M. Houllé
  • Function : Author
J. Isbell
W. Jaffe
  • Function : Author
T. Juhász
  • Function : Author
V. Kecskeméthy
J. Kobus
  • Function : Author
E. Kokoulina
  • Function : Author
L. Labadie
  • Function : Author
F. Lykou
F. Millour
  • Function : Author
A. Moór
  • Function : Author
N. Morujão
  • Function : Author
E. Pantin
  • Function : Author
D. Schertl
  • Function : Author
M. Scheuck
  • Function : Author
L. van Haastere
  • Function : Author
G. Weigelt
  • Function : Author
J. Woillez
  • Function : Author
P. Woitke
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Context. Rocky planets form by the concentration of solid particles in the inner few au regions of planet-forming disks. Their chemical composition reflects the materials in the disk available in the solid phase at the time the planets were forming. Studying the dust before it gets incorporated in planets provides a valuable diagnostic for the material composition. Aims. We aim to constrain the structure and dust composition of the inner disk of the young Herbig Ae star HD 144432, using an extensive set of infrared interferometric data taken by the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI), combining PIONIER, GRAVITY, and MATISSE observations. Methods. We introduced a new physical disk model, TGMdust , to image the interferometric data, and to fit the disk structure and dust composition. We also performed equilibrium condensation calculations with GGchem to assess the hidden diversity of minerals occurring in a planet-forming disk such as HD 144432. Results. Our best-fit model has three disk zones with ring-like structures at 0.15, 1.3, and 4.1 au. Assuming that the dark regions in the disk at ~0.9 au and at ~3 au are gaps opened by planets, we estimate the masses of the putative gap-opening planets to be around a Jupiter mass. We find evidence for an optically thin emission (τ < 0.4) from the inner two disk zones (r < 4 au) at λ > 3 µm. Our silicate compositional fits confirm radial mineralogy gradients, as for the mass fraction of crystalline silicates we get around 61% in the innermost zone ( r < 1.3 au), mostly from enstatite, while only ~20% in the outer two zones. To identify the dust component responsible for the infrared continuum emission, we explore two cases for the dust composition, one with a silicate+iron mixture and the other with a silicate+carbon one. We find that the iron-rich model provides a better fit to the spectral energy distribution. Our GGchem calculations also support an iron-rich and carbon-poor dust composition in the warm disk regions ( r < 5 au, T > 300 K). Conclusions. We propose that in the warm inner regions ( r < 5 au) of typical planet-forming disks, most if not all carbon is in the gas phase, while iron and iron sulfide grains are major constituents of the solid mixture along with forsterite and enstatite. Our analysis demonstrates the need for detailed studies of the dust in inner disks with new mid-infrared instruments such as MATISSE and JWST/MIRI.
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Dates and versions

hal-04449198 , version 1 (12-02-2024)

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J. Varga, L. Waters, M. Hogerheijde, R. van Boekel, A. Matter, et al.. Mid-infrared evidence for iron-rich dust in the multi-ringed inner disk of HD 144432. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2024, 681, pp.A47. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202347535⟩. ⟨hal-04449198⟩
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