Long-term climatological trends driving the recent warming along the Angolan and Namibian coasts - Météo-France Access content directly
Journal Articles Climate Dynamics Year : 2024

Long-term climatological trends driving the recent warming along the Angolan and Namibian coasts

Abstract

Abstract The coastal regions off Angola and Namibia are renowned for their highly productive marine ecosystems in the southeast Atlantic. In recent decades, these regions have undergone significant long-term changes. In this study, we investigate the variability of these long-term changes throughout the annual cycle and explore the underlying mechanisms using a 34-year (1982–2015) regional ocean model simulation. The results reveal a clear seasonal dependence of sea surface temperature (SST) trends along the Angolan and Namibian coasts, with alternating positive and negative trends. The long-term warming trend in the Angolan coastal region is mainly explained by a pronounced warming trend in the austral spring and summer (November-January), while the decadal trend off Namibia results from a counterbalance of an austral winter cooling trend and an austral summer warming trend. A heat budget analysis of the mixed-layer temperature variations shows that these changes are explained by a long-term modulation of the coastal currents. The Angolan warming trend is mainly explained by an intensification of the poleward coastal current, which transports more warm equatorial waters towards the Angolan coast. Off Namibia, the warming trend is attributed to a reduction in the northwestward Benguela Current, which advects cooler water from the south to the Namibian coast. These changes in the coastal current are associated with a modulation of the seasonal coastal trapped waves that are remotely-forced along the equatorial waveguide. These long-term changes may have significant implications for local ecosystems and fisheries.
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ird-04636488 , version 1 (07-07-2024)

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Folly Serge Tomety, Serena Illig, Marek Ostrowski, Founi Mesmin Awo, Marie-Lou Bachèlery, et al.. Long-term climatological trends driving the recent warming along the Angolan and Namibian coasts. Climate Dynamics, 2024, ⟨10.1007/s00382-024-07305-z⟩. ⟨ird-04636488⟩
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